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For hundreds of years, Kazakh national garments had been rational and simple

For hundreds of years, Kazakh national garments had been rational and simple

It had been seen as a typical types for many sections for the populace, however with a particular social and age regulations. Beauty and gorgeous elements to dresses were provided by fur trim, embroidery, jewelry. Conventional materials for the clothing had been fabric, fur, thin felt, cloth, that has been made by the population that is local. Clothing sewn from brought in materials – silk, brocade, velvet, had been a type or types of measure of wealthiness of these owners. Cotton has also been trusted. Kazakhs have actually always valued animal skins and furs as sewing product. Coats, or so named Tons, had been sewed from animal skins, and fur coats, such as for example Shash had been sewed from furred pets, that have been completely ideal for climate conditions in Kazakh Steppes. Outerwear had been ready from skins and furs of wild and domestic animals, based on the names of which, clothing had been called: Zh anat tone – a layer of raccoon fur, Kara tulki ton – of the fox that is black, Kamshat boryk – a beaver cap, Bota ton – a coat from camel skin, Zhargak tone – from a foal skin, etc. Many different types of clothes had been produced from felt. Predominantly white layer ended up being useful for its manufacturing, and thin fur from sheep’s throat ended up being considered especially valuable.

Nationwide garments of Kazakh females

A Kazakh girl usually wore a gown with a waistcoat. Generally speaking, outerwear of females ended up being just like compared to males: similar jackets, waistcoats, gowns, wide leather-based belts, it differed from males’s just in colours plus some design details.

Headwear of Kazakh females, much like a great many other nationalities, has also been types of indicator of the marital status. Headwear of married females differed in numerous tribal groups, but girls’ headwear had been comparatively comparable through the entire territory of Kazakhstan. Girls utilized to put on caps of 2 types: skull limit (Takiya) and a hat that is warmBorik), embellished with otter, fox or beaver fur. A tuft of owl feather ended up being frequently sewed towards the top of takiya for design purposes, that also played a job of the talisman. Gimp, tassels, silver embroidery and coins that are even silver additionally useful for design.

Kazakh ladies’ national headwear that is bridal, that is a high (70 cm) conical cap, is of specific value (see pic. In the left). The most costly of those were examined in one hundred chosen horses. Saukele had been a mandatory element of girl’s dowry, and had been ready a long time before girls reached the chronilogical age of wedding, along with a wedding dress, that has been usually manufactured from high priced textile, often red coloured. Bride had been designed to wear a saukele through the wedding party, then it had been used on vacations for many right time following the wedding.

Saukele is embellished by steel fishnet tops, tiara (often manufactured from silver with inlays of semiprecious stones or strings of pearls, corals, etc. ), temple pendants and chin decorations. Saukele cone is covered with fabric, that was sewed by steel badges of various configurations, into bezels of which valuable and semiprecious rocks are placed. A diverse ribbon of high priced material, embellished with fringes of silver thread, has also been connected to the straight straight back of saukele, which took place to cover part of the rear of a girl. Compulsory supplement to saukele is really a long suspension, called zhaktau, which will be mounted on it from both sides, achieving the waistline of a woman. Probably the most skilled craftsmen participated in saukele manufacturing: cutters, embroiderers, jewellers, whom used the moulding, embossing, stamping, etc. Throughout the means of production. It took per year or maybe more to organize one such saukele.

Aided by the delivery associated with the very first son or daughter a female place a headwear of the married woman on (see pic. In the right), that has been used until her old many years. The main points with this differ just a little with regards to the chronilogical age of girl and young asian beauties area she arrived from. This headwear contained two components: the base – kimeshek used in the mind, additionally the top – in the shape of a turban, wound over the part that is bottom of headwear. Both components were created from white textile. These kinds of headwear are used by older women even now.

Nationwide clothing of Kazakh guys

Kazakh guys utilized to put on different skullcaps (takiya), summer time and wintertime caps. Summer time cap – kalpak ended up being sewed from slim felt, mostly white, together with a particular cut that is ancient. Borik and tymak had been used in wintertime. Tymak is really a hot cold temperatures cap with earflaps and throat flaps created from fox, which can be popular among Kazakh men even nowadays. Bashlyk is yet another headwear that is national manufactured from camel fabric, that was allowed to be used along with other caps, to guard from dirt, sunlight, rain and snowfall.

Guys’s clothes consisted for the following components: Double under vest (zheyde), reduced jeans – made from light textile and also the top – of cloth, suede, sheepskin or dense cotton material. Through the very very early ages, as soon as the Kazakhs utilized to go riding, pants had been an essential and part that is important of clothes. The primary variety of external clothing had been shapan, a type of robe.

In old times guys’s and ladies’ footwear had been additionally similar, though girls’ boots were frequently decorated with embroidery and applique work. Footwear differed based on periods. For instance, wintertime shoes had been high, broad-shafted, used throughout the felt stockings. Additionally there have been differences when considering footwear of older and more youthful people. Teenagers frequently wore shoes with a high heels (up to 6 – 8 cm), seniors – with low heels. Another type that is common of among Kazakhs ended up being light boots without heels, tight fitting on legs, called ichigi or masi. Leather kebis ended up being used over them, that has been said to be defer during the entry towards the home.


A great number of various designs – great applications, patches were utilized on clothes, headwear, footwear. Carnelian, coral, pearl, pearl, colored cup were utilized to decorate gold, silver, copper, bronze jewelry of females. Earrings, flat and wrought bracelets and bands were exceedingly breathtaking. Bands based on their forms that are traditional particular names, such as for instance a Bird’s beak band. Belts – a compulsory section of both male and clothing that is female had been embellished specially: it absolutely was ornamented with embroidery; silver badges had been sewn onto it.

Kinds of jewelry often depended on age, social and marital status of the whom wore them. A number of them had been typical for several territorial teams.

Individuals clothing is continually being targeted by fashion developers, developers. Contemporary clothing, constructed with nationwide motives, is often initial and unique.